Risk factors include:
You can easily calculate your individual LDL cholesterol target, your risk category and your 10-year risk of a heart attack using our risk calculator.
The Cholesterol Risk Ratio
Since both high LDL cholesterol (or high total cholesterol) and low HDL cholesterol influence coronary artery disease, combining both factors to one number is helpful. LDL cholesterol or total cholesterol are divided by HDL cholesterol, resulting in the cholesterol ratio or cholesterol risk ratio for predicting coronary heart disease.
Although the total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio is not as accurate or pure as the LDL/HDL ratio, the former is more commonly obtained because total cholesterol is easier and cheaper to measure than LDL cholesterol levels.
Risk Ratios (total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol):
Example 1: Anyone with a "borderline high" total cholesterol of 230 mg/dL and an "average to low" HDL value of 45 mg/dL has a risk ratio of 5.1 or an increased risk.
Example 2: Anyone with a high total cholesterol of 270 mg/dL and a high HDL level of 70 mg/dL has a risk ratio of approximately 3.9 or a lower than average risk.
Use of the risk ratio may predict coronary artery disease more accurately than with total cholesterol levels alone.
Influence of Cholesterol Risk Ratio on Heart Disease
Reports from the Framingham Heart Study suggest the following influence of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratios on male heart disease risk:
Because women usually have higher HDL levels, the total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio is different:
For an even more precise measurement of coronary heart disease risk, please use our risk calculator and take into account additional factors such as gender, age, smoking, blood pressure levels and diabetes.
Last Updated on Friday, 14 November 2008 04:43
Heart Attack Risk CalculatorThis calculator estimates your risk of getting a heart attack within the next 10 years. It is based on the Framingham Heart Study.
Convert cholesterol unitsPlease use this little tool to convert cholesterol and glucose measurements from mmol/L to mg/dL and vice versa.
Your Ad Here.
Please contact us if you would like to place your ad on this site.